After swine flu and couple of other deadly viruses there is Zika Virus which is severely affecting the world and here’s all what you need to know about it…
What is Zika Virus?
Zika virus infection is caused by the bite of an infected Aedes mosquito which also spreads dengue fever and chikungunya, usually causing mild fever, rash, conjunctivitis and muscle pain.
The Zika virus was first discovered in monkey in Uganda in 1947 – its name comes from the Zika forest where it was first discovered. It is native mainly to tropical Africa, with outbreaks in Southeast Asia and the Pacific Islands. It appeared in Brazil last year and has since been seen in many Latin American countries and Caribbean islands
How it is spreading?
It is transmitted through bites from the same kind of mosquitoes that can spread other tropical diseases, like dengue fever, chikungunya and yellow fever. It is not known to spread from person to person.
The World Health Organisation says Zika is rapidly spreading in the Americas because it is new to the region, people aren’t immune to it, and the Aedes aegypti mosquito that carries it is just about everywhere – including along the southern United States. Canada and Chile are the only places without this mosquito
What’s happening now?
The virus has since been spreading like wildfire through the northeast because of the region’s widespread poverty, equatorial heat and chronic infestations of the Aedes aegypti mosquito.
There is no vaccine or treatment for Zika, which typically causes mild fevers and rashes, although about 80 per cent of those infected show no symptoms
What measures should be taken to prevent Zika virus infection?
Prevention involves reducing mosquito populations and avoiding bites, which occur mainly during the day. Eliminating and controlling Aedes aegypti mosquito breeding sites reduces the chances that Zika, chikungunya, and dengue will be transmitted. An integrated response is required, involving action in several areas, including health, education, and the environment.
To eliminate and control the mosquito, it is recommended to:
- Avoid allowing standing water in outdoor containers (flower pots, bottles, and containers that collect water) so that they do not become mosquito breeding sites.
- Cover domestic water tanks so that mosquitoes cannot get in.
- Avoid accumulating garbage: Put it in closed plastic bags and keep it in closed containers.
- Unblock drains that could accumulate standing water.
- Use screens and mosquito nets in windows and doors to reduce contact between mosquitoes and people.
To prevent mosquito bites, it is recommended that people who live in areas where there are cases of the disease, as well as travelers and, especially, pregnant women should:
- Cover exposed skin with long-sleeved shirts, trousers, and hats
- Use repellents recommended by the health authorities (and apply them as indicated on the label)
- Sleep under mosquito nets.
People with symptoms of Zika, dengue, or chikungunya should visit a health center.
Don’t try for a baby for a month if your partner has just returned from a Zika-affected country, Read here why?
Mothers terrified children will be deformed. Babies who never stop crying. Families torn apart. How thousands of Brazil’s poorest have been hit by the virus, that’s the Life in the Zika epicenter, Read the full story here